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NEW DELHI: None of the major ‘Make in India’ projects in the defence arena, ranging from new-generation stealth submarines, minesweepers and light utility helicopters to infantry combat vehicles, transport aircraft and fighter jets, have actually taken off in the last six years. These long-pending projects, collectively worth over Rs 3.5 lakh crore, are either stuck or still meandering through different stages, without the final contracts to launch production being inked. The relatively new project to manufacture around 7,50,000 Kalashnikov AK-203 assault rifles in a joint venture with Russia at the Korwa ordnance factory in UP, in fact, is the one poised to kick off first.

从新一代隐形潜艇、扫雷舰、轻型通用直升机,到步兵战车、运输机和战斗机,在过去6年里,国防领域的“印度制造”项目没有一个真正启动。这些项目总价值超过35万亿卢比,长期悬而未决,要么停滞不前,要么仍在不同阶段艰难前行,没有签署投产的最终合同。而一个相对较新的项目,也就是与俄罗斯合资,在北方邦的科尔瓦兵工厂生产约750,000支卡拉什尼科夫AK-203突击步枪,反而准备第一个开始。

TOI in October 2017 had done a stock-taking of six mega Make in India projects to find that bureaucratic bottlenecks, long-winded procedures, commercial and technical wranglings, coupled with lack of requisite political push and follow-through, continued to stymie their launch. Two years later, the story more or less remains the same for seven major projects (see graphic). India since then has scrapped the massive fifth-generation fighter aircraft project with Russia in favour of the indigenous advanced medium combat aircraft (AMCA) project, as was reported by TOI earlier.

印度时报在2017年10月对6个大型印度制造项目进行了盘点,发现官僚主义的瓶颈、冗长的程序、商业和技术上的争吵,再加上缺乏必要的政治推动和跟进,继续阻碍了这些项目的推出。两年后,这7个主要项目的情况或多或少保持不变(见图表)。印度时报早些时候报道称,自那以后,印度取消了与俄罗斯的大规模第五代战斗机项目,转而支持本国的先进中型战斗机(AMCA)项目。



Under the SP policy, the first project will be the Navy’s quest for 111 armed, twin-engine utility choppers at a cost of over Rs 21,000 crore. But just as four Indian firms (Tata, Adani, Mahindra Defence and Bharat Forge) and three foreign manufacturers (Airbus, Kamov and Lockheed Martin-Sikorsky) were recently shortlisted, defence PSU Hindustan Aeronautics has sounded the alarm over it not being considered for the helicopter project. Similarly, the Navy’s case for six new stealth diesel-electric submarines, which was first approved in November 2007 at a cost of over Rs 50,000 crore, is also nowhere near finalisation under the SP model.

然而根据SP政策,第一个项目将是海军寻求111架武装双引擎通用直升机,项目成本超过2100亿卢比。但是,就在四家印度公司(塔塔、阿达尼、马欣德拉防务和巴拉特锻造)和三家外国制造商(空中客车、卡莫夫和洛克希德马丁-西科斯基)最近被列入入围名单时,国防大学印度斯坦航空学却发出了警报,因为它没有被考虑参与直升机项目。同样,印度海军在2007年11月首次批准了6艘新型隐形柴电潜艇,耗资超过5000亿卢比,但是在SP模式下,也距离完成相去甚远。

Take another project. India and Russia had inked the inter-governmental agreement to manufacture 200 Kamov-226T light-utility helicopters for over $1 billion in December 2015. But it is stuck in the technical uation stage over the “low level of indigenisation” being offered by Russia, say sources. This much-delayed project for the twin-engine light utility helicopters is considered crucial because India’s endeavour to buy 197 such choppers from abroad has been scrapped three times over the last decade due to corruption allegations and technical deviations.

还有另一个项目。2015年12月,印度和俄罗斯签署了一项政府间协议,以超过10亿美元的价格生产200架卡莫夫-226t轻型通用直升机。但消息人士表示,由于俄罗斯提出的方案“本土化水平过低”,该计划仍处于技术评估阶段。这一拖延已久的双引擎轻型通用直升机项目被认为是至关重要的,但是由于腐败指控和技术偏差,印度这个从国外购买197架该型直升机的努力,在过去10年里,已经取消了3次。